Introduction to Roulette

by Nav | Jan 17, 2023

Introduction to Roulette

Online Roulette is a game with an unmistakable sound: the sound of a small ball rattling around the outside edge of a wooden roulette wheel until it finally drops into a numbered pocket. This sound is instantly recognisable to fans of this centuries-old game. Serious roulette players love this game because of its combination of luck and betting strategies. Players can bet on black or red, odd or even numbers, ranges of numbers and more.

The Roulette Wheel is known to come from a fusion of the English wheel games ‘Roly-Poly’, ‘Ace of Hearts’, ‘E.O.’ and a French board game already known as ‘Roulette’. Many say it was French mathematician, inventor and physicist, Blaise Pascal, who was trying to invent a perpetual motion wheel, and happened to produce the roulette wheel during his efforts. Either way, the game is named after a French word, which translates to “small wheel,’’ and is often known as the “King of games” because of its association with the glamour of a casino.

Double‐Zero Roulette is also known as American Roulette, and Single‐Zero Roulette is mostly known as European Roulette and Roulette Pro.

European Roulette

The European Roulette wheel is found in casinos all over the world. This wheel has 36 numbers and a single zero. There are 37 possible outcomes. The numbers are ordered clockwise around the wheel as follows:


American Roulette

The layout for American Roulette uses 36 numbers (like European Roulette), but in addition to a single zero, it also has a double-zero, making 38 possible outcomes.

American Roulette


Double zero option and the different sequence of numbers opens up an entire new set of bets for the player to make.

Roulette Pro

The layout of the Roulette Pro wheel is similar to the European roulette one. The only change with play on Roulette Pro is that a selection of useful ‘French bets’ become available to you. See below:

Beginner bets

For beginners, the best thing to do is keep it simple. There are many upfront bets available that allow you to enjoy the roulette experience while you become more confident in your play. Try sticking to straight-up numbers or placing even money bets such as red/black, odd/even or 1-18/19-36.

Over time players may develop their own system of betting and best roulette strategy based on a plan. However, each new spin of the wheel produces a random result, and no system is totally definite to make a profit over a period of time.

French bets

On a European wheel layout only;

  • Voisins du Zero – which means “neighbours of zero”, covers a total of 17 numbers with nine units of currency (or nine chips). Players making this bet are hoping that the ball lands in the section of the wheel near the zero. Any winning bet will see a return of at least twice the original stake.
  • Tier – which means “Third”, covers the third of the wheel unequally opposite the zero section. 12 numbers are covered, with just six units of currency (or six chips). Any winning bet will pay the player three times their initial stake.
  • Orphelins – The “Orphans” bet covers the two sections of the wheel not included in either the ‘Voisins du Zero’ or ‘Tier’ bets, and includes eight numbers. The Orphans are (literally) not covered by the other two bets.
  • Any win on ‘Orphelins’ is guaranteed to payout at least double the original stake.
  • This french bet is played with five units of currency (or five chips). All the chips placed in any french bet are splits.
  • Voisin – 17 numbers, requires nine chips, Tier – 12 numbers, requires six chips and Orphelins – eight numbers, requires five chips.

Fun Fact: all the numbers on a Roulette Wheel add up to 6 6 6!

Neighbour / Section bets / Racetrack

A ‘neighbour bet’ covers five numbers and is a five chip bet.

Choose the number that you want to use for the neighbour bet, and it will include that number, and the two numbers on either side of it (as represented on the European Roulette Wheel), straight up. For example, if you wanted to play “21 and the neighbours”, your bet would include the two numbers on each side of the number 21, so your full bet would cover numbers 19, 4, 21, 2 and 25.

All neighbour bets are played with five units of currency (five chips) for this reason.

How to play roulette


The basic rules of roulette are fairly easy to understand – you place your bets on the table, the croupier spins the wheel in one direction and then sends the ball in the opposite direction. The ball then drops into a numbered slot, and you win or lose based on whether you guessed correctly. i.e. your chip or part of it covers the number where the ball has landed on the roulette wheel.

Despite its simple rules, betting is what makes roulette such an interesting game. On the betting table, you’ll see a series of squares featuring numbers, colours, and text. 

Some tables also have what is known as the ‘racetrack’ because of its shape. The racetrack is not necessary for gameplay, but it does make wagering more efficient for games in which it is used. In either case, the numbered and coloured spaces on the interior of the betting area represent what is known as ‘inside bets’. 

All the spaces on the exterior represent what is known as ‘outside bets’. These are bets involving the two possible colours, odd and even numbers, and groups of numbers that represent from 1 to 18, 19 to 36. There is no limit to the number of bets you can place just as long as you have enough chips. 

There are also ‘first third’, ‘second third’ and ‘third third’ bets as well as column bets 1, 2 and 3, each of these covers 12 numbers, respectively. i.e. a first third bet will cover numbers 1 – 12 (inclusive) but a first column bet will cover 1,4,7,10,13,16,19,22,25,31 and 34.

You control your own decisions by using computer-generated buttons. Place your bets by dragging chips onto the betting table, then click ‘Spin’ to set the wheel in motion. Make sure you familiarise yourself with how the controls work so you don’t lose more money than you anticipated.

For completeness, there are a few other bets, like straights and corners as well. These are largely self-explanatory and generally, the software will highlight the sections that your bet relates to. A straight is a row of 3 or 6 numbers from the left of the table and corners are as the name suggests. i.e. 19,20,22 and 23 can be covered by placing a single chip in the corner of all of these squares.

Payouts for each type of bet vary according to the number of squares that are covered by the bet. Always check the payouts to understand what your risk and returns are.

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